State Department promotes energy-saving and emission reduction of internal combustion engines

The internal combustion engine is the dominant power equipment for transportation, construction machinery, agricultural machinery, fishing vessels, and defense equipment. The internal combustion engine industry is an important basic industry. After years of development, China's internal combustion engine industry has made considerable progress, and the level of energy-saving and emission-reduction technologies for internal-combustion engine products has been greatly improved. China has become a global powerhouse for the production and use of internal combustion engines. However, compared with the international advanced level, China's internal combustion engine products still have large gaps in energy conservation and environmental protection indicators, key core technologies are lacking, energy saving and emission reduction standard systems are not perfect, and high energy consumption, high emission, and low performance internal combustion engine products are still widely used. The internal combustion engine industry has great potential for energy saving and emission reduction.

Strengthening the energy-saving and emission-reduction of the internal combustion engine industry, promoting the conservation of petroleum resources and improving air quality still requires more efforts in key areas. The State Department instructed that by 2015, energy-saving internal combustion engine products account for 60% of the entire society's internal combustion engine products. Compared with 2010, the fuel consumption rate of internal combustion engines will be reduced by 6%-10%, and 20 million tons of commodity fuel oil will be saved, reducing CO2 emissions. 62 million tons, reducing nitrogen oxide emissions by 10%, using alternative fuels to save 15 million tons of commercial fuel; fostering a number of remanufacturing key enterprises such as automobiles and construction machinery engines; realizing the production of energy-efficient and environmentally friendly internal combustion engine Localization and large-scale equipment; establishment of policies, regulations, and standards for energy-saving and emission reduction of internal combustion engine products. At the same time, the State Council also gave active guidance from key areas, key projects, and policies.

Key Tasks for Development of Key Tasks

(a) Passenger car engines . For gasoline engines, we will focus on the promotion of direct-injection turbocharged technology, master core technologies such as combustion and electronic control, and develop key components such as direct-injection fuel systems and superchargers, and encourage small-displacement gasoline engines with a displacement below 2.0 liters, especially 1.6 liters or less. The use of supercharging and direct injection technology promotes lightweight technology. For diesel engines, the focus is on improving the overall thermal efficiency, promoting the use of electronically controlled high pressure fuel injection systems, highly efficient pressurization and intercooling systems, exhaust aftertreatment systems, and electronic control technologies, and encouraging the development of electronically controlled high pressure fuel injection systems for passenger car diesel engines. High-efficiency pressurized intercooling and exhaust after-treatment system.

(b) Light-duty vehicle diesel engines . For light commercial vehicle diesel engines, the focus is to promote the use of advanced fuel injection systems such as high-pressure common rails and electronically controlled monomer pumps to accelerate the application of supercharger technology and master vehicle calibration and matching technologies. For diesel engines for mini vehicles, the use of high pressure common rail fuel injection systems, high-efficiency fuel filtration systems, and booster systems has been accelerated to improve fuel economy and reliability.

(III) Diesel engines for medium and heavy commercial vehicles. Speed ​​up the application of high-efficiency turbocharging, waste heat utilization, and power turbine technology. Strengthen the internal combustion engine mechanical efficiency to improve technology research and development and application, focus on the development and application of low-friction technology, promote the industrialization and application of intelligent, modular components, and achieve the optimal allocation of components and powertrain optimization.

(d) Diesel engines for non-road mobile machinery. Strengthen the optimization and matching between diesel engines for non-road mobile machinery such as construction machinery, agricultural machinery, fishery vessels, irrigation and drainage machinery, and generator sets, and promote the application of supercharging and supercharged intercooling technologies to promote efficient multi-cylinder combustion The cylinder bore direct injection diesel engine replaces the single cylinder large bore diesel engine.

(five) marine diesel engines. Focus on advancing the application of advanced equipment and technologies such as electronically controlled fuel injection systems for marine medium-speed diesel engines, intelligent control technologies, high-pressure ratio superchargers, diesel/gas dual-fuel internal combustion engines, and exhaust gas recirculation technologies to promote the recovery of waste heat from marine low-speed diesel engine power systems. The use of technology, the use of heavy oil technology under low- and low-load conditions, advanced technologies of diesel-electric hybrid power systems, and the application of selective catalytic reduction systems.

(6) General-purpose small gasoline engines and gasoline engines for motorcycles. Focusing on the industrialization and application research of advanced technologies such as multi-air flow coordination and guidance of high-speed scavenging airways for two-stroke gasoline engines, accelerating the promotion of accurate and controllable air-fuel ratio for four-stroke gasoline engines, and strengthening the efficient transmission of gasoline engines for general-purpose small gasoline engines and motorcycles. The development and application of power matching, performance optimization and exhaust aftertreatment technologies.

(seven) industrial application of key components. Focus on the development and industrial application of key technologies of electronically controlled fuel injection systems, and strengthen and improve the quality control of fuel injector assemblies, electronically controlled actuators, rail pressure sensors, oil metering valves, and electronic control units. Improve the supercharger manufacturing level and its own research and development capabilities, and master key technologies such as variable geometry turbine, adjustable multi-stage supercharger, gasoline engine supercharger, and supercharger light weight.

(h) Exhaust aftertreatment devices. Focus on upgrading the technical level of selective catalytic reduction, particulate traps, exhaust gas recirculation systems, catalytic and catalytic converters, on-line diagnostic systems, and key gas sensors, and strengthen the coordination of exhaust after-treatment devices and the entire machine , improve the consistency of product production and use and product reliability and durability.

(9) Energy-saving in the manufacturing process of internal combustion engines. The focus will be on the promotion of green manufacturing processes such as thin-wall casting, precision casting and forging, heat treatment, and surface processing, so as to achieve energy saving and material saving in the production process of internal combustion engines. Encourage enterprises to use the AC power dynamometer with high-efficiency energy recovery function in the development of new products and ex-factory testing to recover and utilize the residual heat and power generated during the testing of the internal combustion engine.

(10) Research and development of alternative fuel internal combustion engine products. The alternative fuel engine is encouraged to be compatible with existing engine manufacturing systems. Actively develop diesel/natural gas dual-fuel internal combustion engines and biodiesel internal combustion engines. The pilot project for the application of gasoline/methanol dual-fuel ignition internal combustion engines and diesel/methanol dual-fuel compression ignition internal combustion engines was carried out. Strengthen basic researches such as efficient combustion of alternative fuels for internal combustion engines, effective control of unconventional emissions, and key technologies such as alcohol-resistant fuel supply systems, natural gas supply systems, ignition, and electronic control systems. Development of special lubricants for the use of alternative fuels for internal combustion engines and exhaust after-treatment technologies.

(11) Remanufacturing of internal combustion engine products. Formulate and implement the remanufacturing promotion plan for internal combustion engine products, actively develop key common technology research and development of remanufacturing internal combustion engine products, optimize the remanufacturing technology route, improve the remanufacturing technological process, support the adoption of key technologies such as surface repair, and establish and improve a market system conducive to old parts recycling. Promote the remanufactured products of internal combustion engines that meet the standards and encourage the remanufacturing of engines and key components for automobiles and construction machinery.

Drive the Development of Internal Combustion Engines with Key Projects

(I) Compression Ignition Engine High Pressure Fuel Injection System Demonstration Project. Accelerate the promotion and application of high-pressure fuel injection systems on diesel engines for vehicles, and strengthen the development of key manufacturing technologies and processes for electronic control systems, high-dynamic response actuators and ultra-high-pressure motion couplings, and carry out technological transformation of advanced manufacturing processes and processing equipment. By 2015, all newly-produced automotive diesel engines will use high-pressure fuel injection systems. The fuel consumption rate will be reduced by 5%-8% compared to 2010.

(2) Demonstration project of a direct-injection fuel injection system for an internal combustion engine. Accelerate the popularization and application of in-cylinder direct-injection fuel systems on gasoline engines for vehicles, and focus on the promotion of production of key components such as combustion systems for cylinder direct-injection gasoline engines and high-pressure injector assemblies, and development of fuel injection pumps and electronically controlled injectors. And other key parts manufacturing process and processing equipment technological transformation. By 2015, 30%-40% of newly-produced gasoline gasoline engine products will use in-cylinder direct-injection fuel systems. The fuel consumption rate will be 8%-10% lower than that in 2010.

(III) Demonstration project for the application of high-efficiency pressurization systems for internal Accelerate the popularization and application of high-efficiency pressurization systems on internal combustion engines, focusing on the materials and manufacturing processes of gasoline engine turbochargers for petrol engines, manufacturing technology of variable section superchargers for light vehicle diesel engines, and calibration and calibration of combined pressurization of diesel engines for medium and heavy duty vehicles. technology. By 2015, the penetration rate of multi-cylinder diesel engine supercharging technology will reach more than 90%. The application rate of high-efficiency pressurization technology for vehicle diesel engines will reach 100%, and the application rate for autogasoline engines will reach more than 30%. [next]

(4) Demonstration project for the application of energy-saving materials and small bore multi-cylinder diesel engines. Promote the application of small-diameter multi-cylinder diesel engines, focusing on the development of electronically controlled high-pressure fuel injection system manufacturing technology for multi-cylinder diesel engines with bore diameters of less than 80 mm, key components for fuel supply systems for mini vehicles, and manufacturing technologies for exhaust after-treatment devices. By 2015, more than 20% of newly-manufactured multi-functional (micro) passenger cars will use small-diameter multi-cylinder diesel engines to replace 500,000 high-energy large-diameter single-cylinder diesel engines.

(e) Alternative fuel internal combustion engine application demonstration project. Developed the application of natural gas single fuel and natural gas/diesel dual-fuel combustion technology in vehicle and marine engines, the application of gasoline/methanol dual fuel combustion technology in passenger car gasoline engines, and diesel/methanol dual fuel combustion technology in trucks and ships. , locomotives, fixed diesel engine with heavy duty diesel engine applications, improve the fuel supply system, the key components of corrosion resistance and reliability. By 2015, through the promotion and application of natural gas single fuel, dual fuel and biodiesel internal combustion engines, 10 million tons of alternative fuel oil will be realized; through the promotion and application of methanol fuel internal combustion engines, 5 million tons of alternative fuel oil will be realized.

(6) Demonstration project for comprehensive energy utilization of marine diesel engines. Focus on promoting large-scale container ships, bulk carriers and oil tankers to promote the application of marine diesel engine interior purification, exhaust heat recovery cascade utilization and post-processing technologies, and strengthen equipment, system optimization and intelligent control. By 2015, the overall energy efficiency of a single vessel will increase by 5% over 2010.

Improve related policies and accelerate development

(I) Improve industrial policies. Accelerate the formulation of access conditions for internal combustion engine manufacturers, strictly control energy conservation, environmental protection, quality and safety, promote the technical level of the internal combustion engine industry, and curb the expansion of backward production capacity. Strict implementation of the elimination of backward products system, the development of lagging internal combustion engine product evaluation criteria and elimination of product catalogs, accelerate the elimination of high energy consumption, high emission of internal combustion engine products. We will improve and strictly implement the environmental type approval system for motor vehicles and engines and the pollutant discharge standards for motor vehicles. Published the promotion catalogue of energy-saving products for internal combustion engines, formulated promotion and implementation plans, and accelerated the promotion and application of advanced energy-saving internal combustion engine products.

(B) improve the standard system. Formulate fuel consumption limit values ​​and measurement method standards for internal combustion engine products, specify the limited value, recommended value, and target value of fuel consumption rate; internal combustion engine products that do not meet the limit value standards cannot be produced, sold, or used. Formulate technical standards for energy-saving and environment-friendly internal combustion engine products, specify fuel consumption rates and pollutant discharge technical indicators, and standardize energy-saving product categories. Study and formulate standards for alternative fuel internal combustion engine products, remanufacturing technology for internal combustion engines, product quality, and production management standards, and regulate the development of alternative fuel internal combustion engines and remanufactured products. Develop energy efficiency benchmarking activities in the industry to improve the energy efficiency of the internal combustion engine manufacturing industry.

(c) Strengthen supervision and management. Strengthen the publicity and implementation of energy-saving and emission-reduction policies and regulations and relevant standards for energy-saving and emission-reduction of internal combustion engine products, earnestly strengthen access management, strengthen supervision and inspection, and carry out inspections on the implementation of outdated product elimination systems, fuel consumption limit standards, etc. Item management measures, regulations and standards have been strictly enforced.

(4) Speed ​​up the construction of a technological innovation system. Through national science and technology plans (special projects) and other channels to increase investment in energy-saving emission reduction technology research and development of internal combustion engines, increase the internal combustion engine industry technological transformation investment, speed up the implementation of key projects, strengthen enterprise technology research center capacity building, promote the construction of a number of internal combustion engine industry The National Engineering Research Center strengthens the integration of cross-department and cross-industry research and development, improves the independent innovation capability of the internal combustion engine industry, and accelerates the breakthrough in key technologies for energy-saving and emission reduction of internal combustion engine products. Strengthen personnel training, cultivate a group of leading talents in key technical fields, and encourage the introduction of outstanding talents from overseas.

(5) Introducing economic incentive policies. On the basis of policies such as energy-saving subsidies for passenger vehicles and financial subsidies for agricultural machinery industries, we will study and formulate financial support policies for promoting energy-saving and environment-friendly commercial vehicles and promote the development of highly efficient internal combustion engines. Study and improve the relevant tax reduction and exemption policies for energy-saving and environment-friendly internal combustion engine products. We will improve the retirement subsidies for old agricultural machinery and promote the energy saving and emission reduction of agricultural machinery. Enterprises that have achieved relevant standards for energy conservation and emission reductions in advance of internal combustion engine products will be rewarded in accordance with relevant regulations in the areas of technological transformation of enterprises, capacity building of state-level enterprise technology centers, and research and development.

The State Council instructed that the development of the internal combustion engine industry needs the cooperation of various localities and departments. It is necessary to formulate specific implementation plans in light of local conditions to ensure that all policies and measures are implemented. It is necessary to give full play to the role of industry associations in strengthening industry self-discipline, promoting advanced technology and experience, promoting project implementation, and propagating and implementing standards. It is necessary to earnestly implement the main responsibility of the enterprise and fully mobilize the enthusiasm and initiative of the enterprise. All relevant enterprises must strictly implement the laws and standards and management system for energy-saving and emission reduction of the internal combustion engine industry, and solidly promote all key projects and tasks.

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